People say the day you get your wisdom tooth, you become wiser. But it is important for you to know if you should get them removed. Before getting there you should know what a wisdom teeth is. A wisdom tooth is any of the usual four third molars. Most adults have four wisdom teeth, but it is possible to have fewer, or more.

Colgate can educate you on what a wisdom tooth is and when you must consider getting it removed. Your well-being is our priority.

Wisdom teeth commonly affect other teeth as they develop .A few people are born without wisdom teeth or have room in their mouth for them, but many of us get our wisdom teeth taken out during our college years. And many of us are first alerted to the problem when our wisdom teeth don’t emerge into the mouth properly because there is no room for them to fit.

A part of the tooth may remain covered by a flap of gum, where food particles and bacteria can get trapped, causing a mild irritation, a low-grade infection called pericoronitis and swelling,” says Dr. Donald Sadowsky, professor emeritus of clinical Dentistry College of Dental Medicine and the Mailman School of Public Health. This usually happens with the lower wisdom teeth. Pericoronitis and the pain it causes is the most common reason people need their wisdom teeth taken out. Pericoronitis is just one of the reasons that you may need to have a wisdom tooth or more than one removed.

Even if your wisdom teeth aren’t causing any pain or other problems, they may cause problems at some point. The most common problems are decay, infection, and crowding or damage to other teeth. But more serious complications can occur, including the development of a cyst that can cause permanent damage to bone, teeth and nerves. In many people, the wisdom teeth never even partially enter the mouth. Often the teeth are tilted under the gum and blocked from coming in by bone or other teeth. Dentists call these impacted teeth; they may cause pain, but you may feel nothing at all for years. You may not even be aware that you have wisdom teeth until your dentist sees them on an X-ray.
Regular dental visits are important during your teens and early twenties because this is the time when teeth are most likely to decay. Regular visits allow your dentist to follow the progress of your wisdom teeth with X-rays. However, not all wisdom teeth need to be removed. If removing wisdom teeth is necessary, it’s easier in younger people because the tooth roots are not fully developed and the bone in which the teeth sit is less dense. Extracting your wisdom teeth before any complications develop also allows for shorter recovery time and less discomfort after the surgery.

Deciding whether to remove your wisdom teeth or not needs an expert’s advice because you won’t know the complications in the same. Make sure your dentist knows about the minor details of your wisdom tooth to take the right decision for you. Never delay if you experience the wisdom tooth pain because it is treated the best when you detect it at an early stage.

For more good reads, keep following us.

Reference source: "Should You Have Your Wisdom Teeth Removed?".,


Good toothpaste alone will do no good to your teeth. A good toothbrush is equally important to maximize the benefits of brushing. And with so many shapes, sizes and styles of toothbrushes on the market, deciding which kind to buy can be confusing.

Colgate is always there to help you choose the right toothbrush for good oral hygiene. There are certain characteristics that you should look for in whatever toothbrush you choose, regardless of whether it is manual or powered. Here’s what you should look for:-

Bristle variety-Most dental professionals agree that a soft-bristled brush is best for removing plaque and debris from your teeth. A soft bristled brush protects the gums, root surface and the delicate tooth enamel. Some people prefer rubber cups in-between bristles for effective cleaning. There are many kinds of bristles in the market like rippled, flat and dome shaped choose the one that is most comfortable to you. Multi height bristles toothbrushes are also available in the market that helps you clean your mouth better with bristles that reach every corner of your mouth. For even more tooth protection when you brush, be sure the bristles on the toothbrush you select have rounded tips.

Size- Small-headed brushes are also preferable, since they can better reach all areas of the mouth, including hard-to-reach back teeth such as the sides and backs of your molars. For most adults, a toothbrush head a half-inch wide and one-inch tall will be the easiest to use and the most effective. The shape of the head actually makes no difference; it’s the size of the head that is important.

Handle-The toothbrush should have a long enough handle so you can comfortably hold it in your hand. Type of handle such as non-slip grip or flexible neck can be chosen as per convenience. The grip of the toothbrush play an important factor when you choose one because a comfortable grip will make your brushing process effective.For example a rubber grip makes the brush easy to hold and is flexible when you brush your back molars.Choosing a handle that feels comfortable in your hand will actual improve your ability to clean your teeth. There are brushes that have tongue to cheek cleaner on the other side of the bristles to clean the tongue and cheeks which are otherwise hard to reach.

Powered or manual– This is the lazy man’s way of brushing.If some condition limits your dexterity you might want to invest in an electric toothbrush. They are expensive, but they do give you a good scrub. Electric toothbrushes effortlessly loosen and dispense plaque with high frequency micro-movements. Also battery brushes offer superior cleaning experience in many ways. Like they have set timers that controls the time of brushing. Also it is nearly impossible to brush really hard with an electric brush as its not actually you brushing. Electric toothbrushes are effective, easy to use and convenient.

Colgate 360  – We have special unique brushes that have cheek and tongue cleaners located on the back of the toothbrush head that removes 96% more germs. It also has specially tapered bristles ,a cleaning tip and dentist-like polishing cups that remove plaque and stains. There is a wide range of brushes like Actiflex, sensitive pro-relief etc. to choose from.

How Often Should I Replace My Toothbrush?

Replace your toothbrush when the bristles start splaying or bending, or every three months, whichever comes first .Doing this will ensure the quality of the bristles and their effectiveness of removing plaque from your teeth. It is also very important to change toothbrushes after you’ve had a cold or any contagious disease, since the bristles can collect germs that can lead to reinfection. Store your toothbrush in a place where it will dry quickly. Don’t store it in a toothbrush box, or in water after you have finished brushing. This will help it last longer.

Choosing the right toothbrush is the first step to oral care. Everyone knows brushing is important but still many people have poor oral hygiene because they choose the wrong toothbrush. Follow the steps above when you go shopping for your toothbrush next time and keep oral problems away.

Share your toothbrush story and stay tuned for more on oral care.


You follow a good oral hygiene routine when your mouth, teeth and gums are healthy and protected from all kind of diseases and bacteria. Brushing your teeth is only a part of Good oral hygiene; there are many things that you should keep in mind for Good oral hygiene.

Good oral hygiene results in a mouth that looks and smells healthy. Colgate ensures good oral hygiene for your family by educating you about Oral hygiene.

Proof of good oral hygiene

A mouth that feels healthy may or may not be really healthy. To know if you have good oral hygiene check for these signs. If your teeth are clean and free of debris, Gums are pink and do not hurt or bleed when you brush or floss and Bad breath is not a constant problem

Your dentist or hygienist can help you learn good oral hygiene techniques and can help point out areas of your mouth that may require extra attention during brushing and flossing.

Consequences of Poor Oral Hygiene

Poor oral hygiene invites plaque to accumulate around the base of your teeth and gum line, causing your gums to become red and inflamed.

If you neglect the care of your teeth at home and fail to go to the dentist regularly, accumulated plaque could potentially lead to the development of empty spaces around your teeth. These spaces could eventually lead to the destruction of bone and other fragile tissues supporting your teeth, and you could lose your teeth. According to a study poor oral hygiene and uncontrolled gum disease may also exacerbate diabetes and worsen blood sugar levels.This is an open invitation to some severe oral problems that will cost you your money and health.

The good news is that being diligent about your dental health care and getting regular dental checkups can prevent plaque from forming and even reverse early gum disease. “A plaque-free mouth is a healthy mouth” .Along with regular dental checkups proper brushing and flossing are few of the effective ways of preventing plaque buildup.”

How is Good Oral Hygiene Practiced?

Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do for your teeth and gums. Healthy teeth not only enable you to look and feel good, they make it possible to eat and speak properly. Good oral health is important to your overall well-being.

Daily preventive care, including proper brushing and flossing, will help stop problems before they develop and is much less painful, expensive, and worrisome than treating conditions that have been allowed to progress.

In between regular visits to the dentist, there are simple steps that each of us can take to greatly decrease the risk of developing tooth decay, gum disease and other dental problems. These include:

  • Brushing thoroughly twice a day and flossing daily
  • Brush for two to three minutes to ensure all your teeth are adequately cleaned.
  • Eating a balanced diet and limiting snacks between meals
  • Brush at a 45-degree angle to ensure you reach the areas between the teeth and gum line
  • Using dental products that contain fluoride, including toothpaste
  • Making sure that your children less than 12 drink fluoridated water or take a fluoride supplement if they live in a non-fluoridated area.

Most of us however do not recognize how important these things are for our overall health and think of them only as a way to keep our teeth clean and our breath smelling good.And end up getting severe gum diseases. We believe that prevention is better than cure.So, maintain good oral hygiene to keep your smile healthy.

For more on Oral care. Keep reading.


Parents are a child’s first teacher in life and play a significant role in maintaining his or her overall oral hygiene. The foundation for healthy permanent teeth in children and teenagers is laid during the first years of life. Parents, as consistent role models, are important for setting a daily routine and to making their children understand the importance of oral hygiene.

Colgate helps you establish a proper oral hygiene routine early in life to help ensure the development of strong and healthy teeth of your children.

Importance of the primary dentition

Primary teeth start to erupt in children from the age of six months. The primary dentition is complete by approximately two and a half years of age. The enamel of primary teeth is less densely mineralized than the enamel of permanent teeth, making them particularly susceptible to caries. Primary teeth are essential tools; they help to break up food into small pieces thereby ensuring efficient digestion. Primary teeth also play a vital role in the proper alignment and spacing of permanent teeth. Establishing a proper oral care routine early on in life sets the foundation for the development of healthy and strong permanent teeth. In addition to good oral hygiene, diet also plays a key role in keeping teeth healthy.  As much as possible, children should be limited in the amount of sweets between meals, especially in the evening or at night.

New permanent teeth

Although permanent teeth are already partly formed in children aged 0 to 3 years, eruption only occurs later in life when the 32 permanent teeth replace the 20 primary teeth. With the eruption of the first permanent teeth, the mouth contains a mixture of both primary and permanent teeth, which puts children at increased risk of caries. Often the eruption of this permanent tooth is realized neither by the child nor by the parents, because it is positioned behind the last primary molar and is not replacing any primary tooth. Furthermore, any primary teeth with caries form reservoirs of germs, which can easily attack the immature enamel of the new permanent teeth. During the eruption, the occlusal surfaces of the new permanent teeth are on a lower level than the primary teeth. Brushing teeth becomes more difficult than before and the jaw is also growing significantly, making space for more teeth.

Role of Parents

With all of the challenges that new parents face, they may not think much about the link between their child’s oral health and overall health. Parents have a key role in helping their children to develop a proper oral hygiene routine in the first years of their life. Parents should lead and supervise their children’s tooth-brushing approximately for the first 12 years, until motor and mental functions allow the child to routinely perform a proper tooth-brushing technique alone. At the age of around 6 years, children are able to brush their teeth using a proper brushing technique. In this phase, parents have to continue supervising the regular brushing efforts of their children.

As soon as the first primary teeth erupt into the oral cavity, parents should begin brushing their children’s teeth. From the age of two years, teeth should be brushed twice daily with smaller than a pea-size amount of children’s toothpaste as they tend to swallow a large amount of toothpaste, so that there is a risk of developing dental fluorosis. Beginning with the eruption of the new permanent teeth, children should be switched from a low fluoride containing children’s toothpaste to a higher fluoride containing toothpaste. This ensures the best caries protection as possible for their new permanent teeth.

The best way to keep a check on your child’s oral hygiene is to maintain yours. They learn from what they see. Tell them about the small things like the correct brushing technique, right kind of foods to avoid tooth decay etc. Remember, taking care of their oral health will result in their well-being.

For more on oral care, keep reading.


Your smile impacts your overall appearance and confidence. A pleasing smile puts people around you into a more comfortable zone and greatly increases your confidence when interacting with them.
One reason for yellow teeth is germ build up that does not get removed in time and foods/drinks that causes stains. Advanced protection toothpaste with whitening ingredients like Colgate Total Advanced Whitening, fight the root cause of germ build up as well as remove stains effectively, giving a shade whiter teeth in two weeks
However, the only way to whiten your teeth is not over-the-counter products. A dentist can perform procedures that achieve noticeably whiter teeth.
Colgate discusses other alternatives for improving your smile and getting the smile you always dreamed of.

• Veneers are thin pieces of porcelain or plastic glued to the front of your teeth. For teeth that are severely discolored, chipped or misshapen, veneers create a durable and pleasing smile. Veneers can improve teeth that have spaces between them and are permanently stained, poorly shaped and slightly crooked.

There are two types of veneers:

– Porcelain (indirect) veneers, which must first be created to fit your teeth in a dental laboratory and require two visits to the dentist.
– Composite (direct) veneers, which are bonded to your tooth enamel in a single visit.

• Bonding uses composite resin to restore chipped or broken teeth, fill in gaps and reshape or recolor your smile. After applying a very mild etching solution that slightly roughs the surface of your teeth and permits the bonding material to adhere, your dentist applies the resin and sculpts, colors and shapes it to provide a pleasing result. A high-intensity light hardens the material, which is then finely polished. Most of the people choose bonding instead of silver fillings because it looks more natural.

Dental Bonding effects, Teeth correction

• Teeth whitening

Using a chemical process, your dentist can bleach your teeth. Your dentist can create a custom mouthpiece that ensures the right amount of whitening solution reaches your teeth. But it can take two to four weeks. In-office whitening can take place in one or more 45- to 60-minute visits.
The process of teeth whitening is temporary as your teeth can become stained again if you continue exposing them to the same substances that originally stained them.

• Crowns
Sometimes called caps, crowns completely cover a tooth, restoring a normal shape and appearance. Crowns can be made from metal, porcelain fused to metal, resin, or ceramic materials. Crowns are costly; dentists usually suggest them only when other procedures can’t produce a pleasing result. Permanent crowns can have a long life if you take good care of them.

There are many options that you can go for to get a better smile. Ask your dentist about the options that can help you flash your smile more confidently

Are you brushing your teeth right?

Brush all your teeth once a day and you are done. Right? Well, you couldn’t be more wrong! Brushing right takes more than just passing your toothbrush bristles all around your teeth in the morning. Most people do not know how to brush or for how long to brush in order to prevent tooth decay and gum problems. The fact is,  there are more bacteria on your gums and tongue than on your teeth and brushing right is brushing your teeth, gums and tongue.

First, the basics

Small-headed brushes can reach all areas of the mouth better – even the hard-to-reach back teeth. It is recommended to use a soft-bristled brush with bristles having rounded tips. Bristles of the brush should be strong enough to remove plaque and soft enough not to damage the teeth and gums. The bristles of a toothbrush with multi-height bristles can reach every corner of your mouth and help you clean your teeth better. A toothbrush with a comfortable grip is easier to hold and will make brushing effective.

Ideally, you should brush your teeth for two to three minutes twice a day. Beware; brushing more often can erode your tooth enamel.

Brushing the right way

Brushing horizontally along the gum line may damage your gums and cause abrasions on the teeth. Divide the mouth into quadrants and spend at least 30 seconds in each region to clean all surfaces. Brush the outer, inner and chewing surfaces of the teeth. And do not forget to clean your tongue – bacteria breed on the grooves and ridges.

Brushing Right

Brushing Right

Brushing to remove plaque

Brushing to remove plaque

The most widely accepted and most effective method for plaque removal is as follows:

  • Starting at the last tooth at the back of the arch, place the bristles at a 45-degree angle at the gum line with the brush head covering three teeth.
  • Use short back-and-forth motions on the teeth and the gums. Now softly brush up and down your teeth around 20 times with short, circular strokes.
  • Continue around the arch both on the cheek and tongue sides, three teeth at a time. Brush the teeth in the opposite arch in the same manner.
  • To clean the inside surfaces of your front teeth, insert the brush vertically. To clean the chewing surfaces use short back-and-forth strokes of the brush.
  • If you find it difficult to clean the back surface of the last tooth in the quadrant, try using a baby brush in that area, it will reach better due to the small head. Use a tongue cleaner to gently scrape your tongue.


You are well-dressed and well-behaved. You are social and good at creating conversation. But people are put off as soon as you open your mouth. Could it be your bad breath? That is the last thing you would want to hear. But not knowing it is worse. Bad breath after you get up in the morning is a common phenomenon. But if it bothers you all day long, there is the reason to worry. Bad breath, also known as halitosis, can be humiliating to you and unpleasant to people around you. The good news is, you don’t have to live with it for life! Just take care of these ten big causes for bad breath and you are done.

Maintain good oral hygiene. Bacteria and decaying food particles are the major sources of bad breath.  Clean your mouth thoroughly every day. Brush your teeth twice daily. Your tongue can be a source of bad breath. Clean your tongue with a tongue cleaner. Flossing once or twice a day preferably after dinner helps remove plaque from between your teeth. Using antibacterial mouthwashes or mouth rinses which reduce bacteria can help reduce bacteria-causing plaque and fight bad breath.  If you wear dentures, it is equally important to clean them daily.

Cavities, gum disease, yeast infection of the mouth or dry mouth (xerostomia) can also turn your breath really nasty. Get them treated by your dentist.

Sometimes, the source of your lingering foul breath may be in your medicine cabinet! Certain medicines like blood pressure pills, anti-depressants and antihistamines cause dry mouth. A dry mouth is a mouth which stinks. Consult your doctor about switching medications, if necessary.

Think before you decide to fast or go on a very low-carb diet. They can give you bad-smelling breath! You must be wondering how. Your body breaks down fats for energy, producing bad smelling ketones which are released in your mouth.

What you eat dictates what you exhale. Avoid foods like onions, garlic and coffee which arenotoriously known for causing bad breath. Onions and garlic have the dubious distinction of causing bad body odour too.

Stay hydrated. You know that drinking plenty of water is good for your health. It also is a great way to wash away your bad breath. It speeds up the cleaning of harmful bacteria and food debris from between your teeth.Eat a healthy, balanced diet. Increase your daily intake of fruits and vegetables Not only do theyremove plaque and food particles from between your teeth and gums, they also provide antioxidants which boost your dental and overall health.

Who does not love to chew gum? Not only does it taste great, it also freshens up your breath. Chewing sugarless gum for 20 minutes after eating or drinking stimulates saliva which washes away food particles.

Stop smoking or using other tobacco products otherwise you will end up smelling like an ashtray. Tobacco products that involve inhaling smoke tend to leave smoke particles that can linger in the throat and lungs for long periods. They also dry the mouth causing bad breath causing bacteria to go on the rampage.

Keep a watch on your alcohol intake. Excessive drinking can cause a stale scent not only from the mouth but also from your skin because your body releases some of the metabolised products of alcohol through your lungs and through sweat. Alcohol also dehydrates you and dries your mouth, in turn causing bad breath.

Bad breath isn’t just about the mouth. It could also be a sign of other health conditions like diabetes, chronic sinus infections, acid reflux, tonsillitis, postnasal drip, respiratory tract infections and liver or kidney problems. If you have diabetes your body may burn fat instead of glucose. This can cause the ketone breath. Tonsil stones are lumps of food, mucus and bacteria that are calcified and appear as white spots on your tonsils. They can produce bad breath too. These medical concerns need to be treated.

How are your teeth supported?

Here are the tissues that make up the supporting structure of a tooth:

Gums (Gingiva)

The gum (gingiva) is the pink-coloured soft tissue that covers the jaw bones and is visible in the mouth. It is firm and resilient with a textured surface. It forms a protective covering for the bone and the cementum (outer layer of roots) of the teeth.

Alveolar process

The alveolar process is that part of the jaw bone which forms and supports the tooth sockets. It is formed during tooth eruption and gradually disappears after the tooth is lost. It undergoes remodelling throughout life by means of resorption and formation.

Periodontal ligaments

Periodontal ligament attaches the root of a tooth to the alveolar bone. Periodontal ligament has many functions. It supplies nutrients to the cementum, bone and gingiva through the blood vessels and protects the vessels and nerves of the tooth. It transmits chewing forces to the bone and acts as a shock absorber. It plays a part in tooth eruption and helps in formation and resorption of bone and cementum. It is also responsible for the sensations felt by the tooth.


Cementum covers the root of a tooth. It is hard as bone but is softer than enamel and dentin. It is the only supporting structure that is a part of a tooth. It helps the periodontal ligament to attach to the tooth. Cementum is of two types – acellular (primary) and cellular (secondary). Acellular cementum is formed before the tooth erupts completely. It does not contain cells. Cellular cementum is formed after the tooth erupts completely. It contains cells and is less calcified than the acellular type.

Gum Bleeding, Gum Overgrowth, Dry Mouth, Ulcers – GUM PROBLEMS DUE TO MEDICATIONS

These days, popping pills has turned into a lifestyle because of our afflictions. We as a whole know about the way that each prescription has its own symptoms. Also, your gums also are not saved. Here are a portion of these you should pay special mind to:

Gum Bleeding

Prescriptions like antihistamines, certain antidepressants, some seizure medications, immune-suppressants, chemotherapy drugs, and medicines for high blood pressure and birth control products that contain progesterone may cause bleeding gums. Aspirin or anticoagulants (blood thinners) which are helpful in preventing stroke or heart disease may cause bleeding and blood clotting problems during gum or periodontal treatments.

Gum Overgrowth

Gum overgrowth known as gingival hyperplasia may be associated with medicines taken for seizure, heart disease or suppression of your immune system. Having dental plaque increases your risk. Men are more prone to develop this side effect. The gums are swollen and grow over the teeth creating a favourable environment for bacteria. It can make maintaining oral hygiene difficult.

Dry Mouth (Xerostomia)

A dry mouth (xerostomia) can cause inflamed and painful gums and increases your risk for gum disease. Some drugs like antihistamines, decongestants, antidepressants, certain chemotherapy drugs cause dry mouth by reducing saliva production.

Ulcers (Canker sores)

Ulcers (break in the lining of the mouth), popularly known as canker sores can occur on gums, tongue, lips, cheeks and floor of the mouth. Some medications like painkillers, beta-blockers, chemotherapy drugs, etc. have been known to be the causative factors.

If you do notice any of the above symptoms, consult a dentist. If all the other causes for the symptom (like poor oral hygiene, diet, smoking, misaligned teeth, infections etc.) have been ruled out, certain medications could be suspect. In this case, you’d need to consult the doctor who prescribed you the medication to either adjust the dosage or change the medicine.

Why diabetics need to take extra care of their gums and teeth

Why diabetics need to take additional consideration of their gums and teeth.

There would barely be any framework in the body that isn’t influenced by diabetes. Diabetes can harm the eyes, nerves, kidneys, heart and diminish the body’s protection from contamination and moderate the recuperating procedure. Turns out, your gums are not saved as well!

Diabetes and gum disease go hand in hand

Gum malady can happen all the more frequently, be increasingly serious, and take more time to recuperate on the off chance that you have diabetes. As indicated by new investigations the invert may likewise be true.If you are diabetic, the incessant gum contaminations may make it progressively hard for you to control your blood glucose (expanding A1C test results). Also, in the event that you smoke, you are stoking the flame. Your hazard for gum ailment builds complex! Smoking additionally influences twisted recuperating by disabling blood stream to the gums.

The revealing signs

Its time you pay attention to it in the event that you have visit gum swelling with discharge, expanded bone misfortune in a brief timeframe, and gum infection not reacting to typical treatment. They could be indications of diabetes.

How it all happens

Diabetes diminishes your body’s invulnerability and debilitates your body’s effectiveness to battle plaque causing microscopic organisms. In uncontrolled diabetes, expanded glucose levels in the spit supports bacterial development. In the event that these weren’t sufficient, diabetes additionally moderates your blood course. Every one of these progressions can make your gums get kindled (swollen and red), bringing about draining gums. In further developed types of gum illness (periodontitis) the delicate tissue and bone that help your teeth are pulverized.

High glucose, absence of hydration or potentially nerve harm (diabetic neuropathy) related with diabetes debilitate the capacity of the salivary organs in this way diminishing the generation of spit. This can prompt dry mouth which builds soreness, ulcers and contaminations of the gums.

High sugar levels in the salivation can likewise support the development of Candida (a sort of growth) and cause oral thrush – reflexive white or red patches (looking like milk curds) in the mouth that can be cleaned away to uncover red tissue that may drain effectively. These oral thrush patches might be excruciating or may move toward becoming ulcers.

Since diabetes brings down your protection from contamination, it can postpone mending and can confound gum and oral medical procedures. Controlling your glucose levels after medical procedure may likewise be troublesome.

Prevention is the key

Staying alert about the complexities and taking essential preventive activities can go far in keeping your gums sound which thusly will enable you to monitor your blood glucose. Take your prescriptions and monitor your blood glucose. Take extra consideration of your mouth. Keep up great oral cleanliness. Brush twice and floss at any rate once day by day. Visit your dental specialist routinely and get your teeth expertly cleaned once in a half year. On the off chance that you have any dental contaminations, get it treated right away. Ensure your blood glucose levels are under check before experiencing any gum treatment or medical procedure.