Stages Of Gum Disease

If you have been told you have gum disease, you’re not alone. Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious diseases that result in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. In the worst cases, teeth are lost.
Colgate helps you know about the different stages of Gum disease so that you care for your teeth and gums every day and protect them.
What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. It is caused by the germs in plaque. If not removed through daily brushing and flossing, plaque can build up and the germs infect not only your gums and teeth, but eventually the gum tissue and bone that support the teeth. This can cause them to become loose, fall out or have to be removed by a dentist.

There are three stages of gum disease:
Gingivitis: This is the earliest stage of gum disease, an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque buildup at the gum line. Plaque produces toxins (poisons) that can irritate the gum tissue, causing gingivitis. Bleeding is the first sign for Gingivitis. At this early stage in gum disease, damage can be improved, since the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place are not yet affected.

Periodontitis: Here the supporting bone and fibers that hold your teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. Your gums may begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which traps food and plaque. Proper dental treatment and improved home care can usually help prevent further damage.

Advanced Periodontitis: In this final stage, the fibers and bone supporting your teeth are destroyed, which can cause your teeth to shift or loosen. This can affect your bite and teeth may need to be removed.

How do I Know if I Have Gum Disease?
Gum disease can occur at any age, but it is most common among adults. If detected in its early stages, gum disease can be improved so see your dentist if you notice any of the following symptoms:
• Gums that are red, puffy or swollen, or tender
• Gums that bleed during brushing or flossing
• Teeth that look longer because your gums have receded
• Gums that have separated, or pulled away, from your teeth, creating a pocket
• Constant bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth

How is Gum Disease Treated?
The early stages of gum disease can often improve with proper brushing and flossing. Good oral health will help keep plaque from building up.

A professional cleaning by your dentist or hygienist is the only way to remove plaque that has built up and hardened into tartar. Your dentist or hygienist will clean or “scale” your teeth to remove the tartar above and below the gum line. If your condition is more severe, a root planning procedure may be performed. Root planning helps to smooth irregularities on the roots of the teeth making it more difficult for plaque to deposit there.

Knowing these stages will help you know if you suffer from gum disease. The earlier you know the better it is. Maintain good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing and make sure you visit your dentist atleast once a month for your healthy gums.
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Bruxism: Signs And Symptoms

Most people probably clench and grind their teeth from time to time. Occasional teeth grinding, medically called bruxism, does not usually cause harm, but when teeth grinding occurs on a regular basis the teeth can be damaged and other oral health complications can arise.
We at Colgate want to play our part in educating and informing you about bruxism and all the possible signs and symptoms to protect you from it.

What is Bruxism?
If you find yourself waking up with sore jaw muscles or a headache, you may be suffering from bruxism — the grinding and clenching of teeth. Bruxism can cause teeth to become painful or loose, and sometimes parts of the teeth literally ground away. Eventually, bruxism can destroy the surrounding bone and gum tissue. It can also lead to problems involving the jaw joint, such as Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ).

How do I Know if I Have Bruxism?
For many people, bruxism is an unconscious habit. Bruxism often occurs during deep sleep or while under stress. People may not even realize they’re doing it until someone comments that they make a horrible grinding sound while sleeping. For others, a routine dental checkup is when they discover their teeth are worn or their tooth enamel is fractured.
Other potential signs of bruxism include aching in the face, head and neck. Your dentist can make an accurate diagnosis and determine if the source of facial pain is a result from bruxism.

How is Bruxism Treated?
In many cases, no treatment is necessary. However, if the problem is severe, treatment options include certain therapies and medications. The appropriate treatment for you will depend on what is causing the problem. By asking careful questions and thoroughly examining your teeth, your dentist can help you determine the potential source of your bruxism. Based on the amount of tooth damage and its likely cause, your dentist may suggest:

Wearing an appliance while sleeping: A custom made appliance that slips over the upper teeth and protects them from grinding against the lower teeth. While an appliance is a good way to manage bruxism, it is not a cure.

Finding ways to relax: Because everyday stress seems to be a major cause of bruxism, anything that reduces stress can help- listening to music, reading a book, taking a walk or a bath. It may help to seek counseling to learn effective ways for handling stressful situations. Also, applying a warm, wet washcloth to the side of your face can help relax muscles sore from clenching.

Correcting misaligned teeth: It may help if your bruxism is associated with dental problems. One solution is reducing the “high spots” of one or more teeth to even your bite. An abnormal bite, the one in which teeth do not fit well together, may also be corrected with new fillings, crowns or orthodontics. Reconstructive treatment can be quite extensive and will correct the wear. This however may not stop the bruxism.

Most important thing when you suffer from bruxism is to know the root cause. Visit your dentist if you see any signs of bruxism, as he can diagnose the exact problem and suggest the best treatment that gives you relief.
For happy and healthy gums, keep reading.

What Is Tooth Sensitivity?

Is the taste of ice cream or a sip of hot coffee sometimes a painful experience for you? Does brushing or flossing make you wince occasionally? If so, you may have sensitive teeth. Tooth sensitivity can come and go over time.
Colgate’s products that are based on intensive research help you combat tooth sensitivity and provides lasting protection for your sensitive teeth.

What is Tooth Sensitivity?
Tooth sensitivity is a common problem that affects millions of people. It is a common name for dentin hypersensitivity or root sensitivity. If hot, cold, sweet or very acidic foods and drinks, or breathing in cold air, makes your teeth or a tooth sensitive or painful then you have sensitive teeth. The pain can be sharp, sudden, and shoot deep into the nerve endings of your teeth.

Why does Tooth Sensitivity Happen?
Tooth sensitivity is usually caused by dentin on root areas exposed due to receded gums or periodontal disease. Receded gums are very common and up to four fifths of people have gum recession by the time they are 65.
When the root of a tooth becomes exposed it does not have a layer of enamel like the crowns of your teeth. Instead the roots have a very soft covering called cementum, which once lost leaves the dentin of the root exposed. Overzealous brushing or using an abrasive toothpaste can also cause abrasion of the tooth’s enamel surface. A very acidic diet with a lot of citrus food, pickles or soda pop can cause tooth erosion and dissolve the tooth surface, exposing the dentin.
When teeth are sensitive it can be painful to brush them and if you brush poorly because of pain then there is more risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Pain after hot, cold, sweet or acidic food and drinks can also be a sign of decay with a cavity or hole in the tooth, or a sign of a broken tooth, and if this is the case your dentist will treat you with a filling or other treatment.

What Makes Exposed Dentin Painful?
Dentin contains thousands of tiny channels that are only visible with a microscope. These channels run from the surface, through the dentin to the nerve center of the tooth — the pulp. The channels contain fluid and after eating or drinking hot or cold foods, the fluid in these tiny channels moves and irritates the nerves in the tooth, causing pain.

Can I Prevent Tooth Sensitivity?
You can reduce your chances of getting tooth sensitivity by keeping your mouth as healthy as possible with good oral hygiene to help prevent receding gums and periodontal disease. Brushing and flossing properly as recommended by your dentist or hygienist and using a low abrasion toothpaste can help reduce the chance that you will have tooth sensitivity. A diet that is not acidic also helps prevent tooth sensitivity. Ignoring your sensitive teeth can lead to other oral health problems, especially if the pain causes you to brush poorly making you vulnerable to tooth decay and gum disease.

What Can I Do if I Have Sensitive Teeth?
To treat tooth sensitivity use a low abrasion toothpaste specially made for sensitive teeth — a desensitizing toothpaste. These toothpastes make the teeth less sensitive if you brush with them twice a day and also contain fluoride to help protect your teeth against decay. Alternatively, a high fluoride level toothpaste that is specially formulated to make your teeth less sensitive and provides extra protection against decay. These treatments happen at home when you are brushing your teeth and are inexpensive. Other treatments for sensitive teeth that your dentist or hygienist can provide in the dental office are also available. There are many more treatments that a dentist can provide for sensitive teeth, these include treatments that are painted onto the teeth — such as fluoride varnishes and plastic resins, fillings if a lot of tooth area has been lost, and lasers.
Tooth sensitivity is very common and it has been estimated that approximately half the population experiences tooth sensitivity. Taking care and following a healthy oral care regime can help you fight sensitivity. Also, you should ask your dentist or hygienist about the best way to treat your sensitivity.
For more on other dental problems, keep reading.

Gum disease could be bad news for your heart

Gum disease could be terrible news for your heart.

When you look in the mirror you may just see your gums bleeding, but your dentist may see risks of heart disease! Studies have demonstrated that individuals with gum malady have a higher hazard for heart disease.

What’s the link?

Untreated gum disease provides a reservoir of bacteria. One potential link between gum disease and heart disease is that sometimes, bacteria from your infected gums can travel to your bloodstream, setting off an inflammatory reaction elsewhere in your body, including the arteries. The bacteria may also dislodge, enter the blood, attach to blood vessels and increase clot formation. This can cause hardening of the arteries and decrease the bloodflow to the heart thereby causing a heart attack.

High blood pressure affects blood vessels all over the body – even the ones present in your gums. The resistance to the flow of blood increases which hampers the blood flow to the gums. This causes decreased oxygen and nutrition thereby affecting the health and healing capacity of your gums.

Healthy gums give you a healthy heart

In most cases, gum disease can be reversed by practising good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day andfloss once or twice a day.Use antiplaque toothpastes or mouth rinses to reduce gum disease causing bacteria. Do not forget to visit your dentist once in six months. To eliminate bacterial reservoirs in dental plaque, your dentist may perform scaling and root planing. He/she will likewise check for conditions in the mouth that may put you in danger of gum illness and treat you in like manner.

Fitness Woman: You Can Fit Exercise Into Your Daily Routine

Women tend to put their own needs last, and exercise is generally on the bottom of the list of priorities. We live in a society that is fast paced, and many households have only one parent or one where both parents work. Trying work and take care of a family are hard enough, but becoming a fitness woman is a something you should make a priority.

As women get older, their metabolism slows down. This can lead to health issues including becoming over weight. A fitness woman works to include three essential activities into her daily routine: exercise, eating a healthy diet, and getting enough sleep. If you have children to take care of, you can still find time to take care of yourself. Ask your spouse to help so you can have that time for you. You can also ask a friend to alternate childcare so that each of you has time to get some exercise.

Some fitness clubs have onsite childcare. This is a great way to help you become a fitness woman without worrying about finding someone to care for them. There are also great ways to exercise with your children. It is a great way to teach them the importance of fitness from a very early age. With younger children, consider jogging or walking. You can get a jogging stroller or even pull them in a wagon.

Getting outside and chasing your toddler around in the yard is great fun and is considered exercise. With older children, play sports with them including basketball, volleyball, football, soccer, and kick ball. This is a great way to spend some quality time with your children that doesn’t cost anything, and everyone will be getting plenty of exercise.

Fitness women have learned how to prioritize their time. The laundry may not get folded and the dishes may not get put away, but you will have time to take care of yourself, and that is essential. After all, how you take care of everything else when you aren’t taken care of? Talk to your family about the importance of having some time for you to get physically fit. Chances are they will be willing to lend a hand to help out with more household chores so that you can find the time in your day to work out.

To help you stay motivated, a fitness woman needs to make her workout time a priority in her day. Schedule your workout time in with the rest of the items on your daily planner. You don’t have to tell anyone what you have scheduled during that time, but if they ask you to commit to something else, politely say you are not available during that period of time.

Many of us have friends who want to become a fitness woman as well. Consider asking a friend to join you in your exercise routine. This is a great way to have someone to motivate you to stick with your exercise plan. It also gives you another person to turn to for support. You can share your accomplishments as well as discuss the barriers that are in your way when it comes to becoming fit.