Gum Bleeding, Gum Overgrowth, Dry Mouth, Ulcers – GUM PROBLEMS DUE TO MEDICATIONS

These days, popping pills has turned into a lifestyle because of our afflictions. We as a whole know about the way that each prescription has its own symptoms. Also, your gums also are not saved. Here are a portion of these you should pay special mind to:

Gum Bleeding

Prescriptions like antihistamines, certain antidepressants, some seizure medications, immune-suppressants, chemotherapy drugs, and medicines for high blood pressure and birth control products that contain progesterone may cause bleeding gums. Aspirin or anticoagulants (blood thinners) which are helpful in preventing stroke or heart disease may cause bleeding and blood clotting problems during gum or periodontal treatments.

Gum Overgrowth

Gum overgrowth known as gingival hyperplasia may be associated with medicines taken for seizure, heart disease or suppression of your immune system. Having dental plaque increases your risk. Men are more prone to develop this side effect. The gums are swollen and grow over the teeth creating a favourable environment for bacteria. It can make maintaining oral hygiene difficult.

Dry Mouth (Xerostomia)

A dry mouth (xerostomia) can cause inflamed and painful gums and increases your risk for gum disease. Some drugs like antihistamines, decongestants, antidepressants, certain chemotherapy drugs cause dry mouth by reducing saliva production.

Ulcers (Canker sores)

Ulcers (break in the lining of the mouth), popularly known as canker sores can occur on gums, tongue, lips, cheeks and floor of the mouth. Some medications like painkillers, beta-blockers, chemotherapy drugs, etc. have been known to be the causative factors.

If you do notice any of the above symptoms, consult a dentist. If all the other causes for the symptom (like poor oral hygiene, diet, smoking, misaligned teeth, infections etc.) have been ruled out, certain medications could be suspect. In this case, you’d need to consult the doctor who prescribed you the medication to either adjust the dosage or change the medicine.

Why diabetics need to take extra care of their gums and teeth

Why diabetics need to take additional consideration of their gums and teeth.

There would barely be any framework in the body that isn’t influenced by diabetes. Diabetes can harm the eyes, nerves, kidneys, heart and diminish the body’s protection from contamination and moderate the recuperating procedure. Turns out, your gums are not saved as well!

Diabetes and gum disease go hand in hand

Gum malady can happen all the more frequently, be increasingly serious, and take more time to recuperate on the off chance that you have diabetes. As indicated by new investigations the invert may likewise be true.If you are diabetic, the incessant gum contaminations may make it progressively hard for you to control your blood glucose (expanding A1C test results). Also, in the event that you smoke, you are stoking the flame. Your hazard for gum ailment builds complex! Smoking additionally influences twisted recuperating by disabling blood stream to the gums.

The revealing signs

Its time you pay attention to it in the event that you have visit gum swelling with discharge, expanded bone misfortune in a brief timeframe, and gum infection not reacting to typical treatment. They could be indications of diabetes.

How it all happens

Diabetes diminishes your body’s invulnerability and debilitates your body’s effectiveness to battle plaque causing microscopic organisms. In uncontrolled diabetes, expanded glucose levels in the spit supports bacterial development. In the event that these weren’t sufficient, diabetes additionally moderates your blood course. Every one of these progressions can make your gums get kindled (swollen and red), bringing about draining gums. In further developed types of gum illness (periodontitis) the delicate tissue and bone that help your teeth are pulverized.

High glucose, absence of hydration or potentially nerve harm (diabetic neuropathy) related with diabetes debilitate the capacity of the salivary organs in this way diminishing the generation of spit. This can prompt dry mouth which builds soreness, ulcers and contaminations of the gums.

High sugar levels in the salivation can likewise support the development of Candida (a sort of growth) and cause oral thrush – reflexive white or red patches (looking like milk curds) in the mouth that can be cleaned away to uncover red tissue that may drain effectively. These oral thrush patches might be excruciating or may move toward becoming ulcers.

Since diabetes brings down your protection from contamination, it can postpone mending and can confound gum and oral medical procedures. Controlling your glucose levels after medical procedure may likewise be troublesome.

Prevention is the key

Staying alert about the complexities and taking essential preventive activities can go far in keeping your gums sound which thusly will enable you to monitor your blood glucose. Take your prescriptions and monitor your blood glucose. Take extra consideration of your mouth. Keep up great oral cleanliness. Brush twice and floss at any rate once day by day. Visit your dental specialist routinely and get your teeth expertly cleaned once in a half year. On the off chance that you have any dental contaminations, get it treated right away. Ensure your blood glucose levels are under check before experiencing any gum treatment or medical procedure.

Stages Of Gum Disease

If you have been told you have gum disease, you’re not alone. Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious diseases that result in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. In the worst cases, teeth are lost.
Colgate helps you know about the different stages of Gum disease so that you care for your teeth and gums every day and protect them.
What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. It is caused by the germs in plaque. If not removed through daily brushing and flossing, plaque can build up and the germs infect not only your gums and teeth, but eventually the gum tissue and bone that support the teeth. This can cause them to become loose, fall out or have to be removed by a dentist.

There are three stages of gum disease:
Gingivitis: This is the earliest stage of gum disease, an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque buildup at the gum line. Plaque produces toxins (poisons) that can irritate the gum tissue, causing gingivitis. Bleeding is the first sign for Gingivitis. At this early stage in gum disease, damage can be improved, since the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place are not yet affected.

Periodontitis: Here the supporting bone and fibers that hold your teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. Your gums may begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which traps food and plaque. Proper dental treatment and improved home care can usually help prevent further damage.

Advanced Periodontitis: In this final stage, the fibers and bone supporting your teeth are destroyed, which can cause your teeth to shift or loosen. This can affect your bite and teeth may need to be removed.

How do I Know if I Have Gum Disease?
Gum disease can occur at any age, but it is most common among adults. If detected in its early stages, gum disease can be improved so see your dentist if you notice any of the following symptoms:
• Gums that are red, puffy or swollen, or tender
• Gums that bleed during brushing or flossing
• Teeth that look longer because your gums have receded
• Gums that have separated, or pulled away, from your teeth, creating a pocket
• Constant bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth

How is Gum Disease Treated?
The early stages of gum disease can often improve with proper brushing and flossing. Good oral health will help keep plaque from building up.

A professional cleaning by your dentist or hygienist is the only way to remove plaque that has built up and hardened into tartar. Your dentist or hygienist will clean or “scale” your teeth to remove the tartar above and below the gum line. If your condition is more severe, a root planning procedure may be performed. Root planning helps to smooth irregularities on the roots of the teeth making it more difficult for plaque to deposit there.

Knowing these stages will help you know if you suffer from gum disease. The earlier you know the better it is. Maintain good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing and make sure you visit your dentist atleast once a month for your healthy gums.
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Bruxism: Signs And Symptoms

Most people probably clench and grind their teeth from time to time. Occasional teeth grinding, medically called bruxism, does not usually cause harm, but when teeth grinding occurs on a regular basis the teeth can be damaged and other oral health complications can arise.
We at Colgate want to play our part in educating and informing you about bruxism and all the possible signs and symptoms to protect you from it.

What is Bruxism?
If you find yourself waking up with sore jaw muscles or a headache, you may be suffering from bruxism — the grinding and clenching of teeth. Bruxism can cause teeth to become painful or loose, and sometimes parts of the teeth literally ground away. Eventually, bruxism can destroy the surrounding bone and gum tissue. It can also lead to problems involving the jaw joint, such as Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ).

How do I Know if I Have Bruxism?
For many people, bruxism is an unconscious habit. Bruxism often occurs during deep sleep or while under stress. People may not even realize they’re doing it until someone comments that they make a horrible grinding sound while sleeping. For others, a routine dental checkup is when they discover their teeth are worn or their tooth enamel is fractured.
Other potential signs of bruxism include aching in the face, head and neck. Your dentist can make an accurate diagnosis and determine if the source of facial pain is a result from bruxism.

How is Bruxism Treated?
In many cases, no treatment is necessary. However, if the problem is severe, treatment options include certain therapies and medications. The appropriate treatment for you will depend on what is causing the problem. By asking careful questions and thoroughly examining your teeth, your dentist can help you determine the potential source of your bruxism. Based on the amount of tooth damage and its likely cause, your dentist may suggest:

Wearing an appliance while sleeping: A custom made appliance that slips over the upper teeth and protects them from grinding against the lower teeth. While an appliance is a good way to manage bruxism, it is not a cure.

Finding ways to relax: Because everyday stress seems to be a major cause of bruxism, anything that reduces stress can help- listening to music, reading a book, taking a walk or a bath. It may help to seek counseling to learn effective ways for handling stressful situations. Also, applying a warm, wet washcloth to the side of your face can help relax muscles sore from clenching.

Correcting misaligned teeth: It may help if your bruxism is associated with dental problems. One solution is reducing the “high spots” of one or more teeth to even your bite. An abnormal bite, the one in which teeth do not fit well together, may also be corrected with new fillings, crowns or orthodontics. Reconstructive treatment can be quite extensive and will correct the wear. This however may not stop the bruxism.

Most important thing when you suffer from bruxism is to know the root cause. Visit your dentist if you see any signs of bruxism, as he can diagnose the exact problem and suggest the best treatment that gives you relief.
For happy and healthy gums, keep reading.

What Is Tooth Sensitivity?

Is the taste of ice cream or a sip of hot coffee sometimes a painful experience for you? Does brushing or flossing make you wince occasionally? If so, you may have sensitive teeth. Tooth sensitivity can come and go over time.
Colgate’s products that are based on intensive research help you combat tooth sensitivity and provides lasting protection for your sensitive teeth.

What is Tooth Sensitivity?
Tooth sensitivity is a common problem that affects millions of people. It is a common name for dentin hypersensitivity or root sensitivity. If hot, cold, sweet or very acidic foods and drinks, or breathing in cold air, makes your teeth or a tooth sensitive or painful then you have sensitive teeth. The pain can be sharp, sudden, and shoot deep into the nerve endings of your teeth.

Why does Tooth Sensitivity Happen?
Tooth sensitivity is usually caused by dentin on root areas exposed due to receded gums or periodontal disease. Receded gums are very common and up to four fifths of people have gum recession by the time they are 65.
When the root of a tooth becomes exposed it does not have a layer of enamel like the crowns of your teeth. Instead the roots have a very soft covering called cementum, which once lost leaves the dentin of the root exposed. Overzealous brushing or using an abrasive toothpaste can also cause abrasion of the tooth’s enamel surface. A very acidic diet with a lot of citrus food, pickles or soda pop can cause tooth erosion and dissolve the tooth surface, exposing the dentin.
When teeth are sensitive it can be painful to brush them and if you brush poorly because of pain then there is more risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Pain after hot, cold, sweet or acidic food and drinks can also be a sign of decay with a cavity or hole in the tooth, or a sign of a broken tooth, and if this is the case your dentist will treat you with a filling or other treatment.

What Makes Exposed Dentin Painful?
Dentin contains thousands of tiny channels that are only visible with a microscope. These channels run from the surface, through the dentin to the nerve center of the tooth — the pulp. The channels contain fluid and after eating or drinking hot or cold foods, the fluid in these tiny channels moves and irritates the nerves in the tooth, causing pain.

Can I Prevent Tooth Sensitivity?
You can reduce your chances of getting tooth sensitivity by keeping your mouth as healthy as possible with good oral hygiene to help prevent receding gums and periodontal disease. Brushing and flossing properly as recommended by your dentist or hygienist and using a low abrasion toothpaste can help reduce the chance that you will have tooth sensitivity. A diet that is not acidic also helps prevent tooth sensitivity. Ignoring your sensitive teeth can lead to other oral health problems, especially if the pain causes you to brush poorly making you vulnerable to tooth decay and gum disease.

What Can I Do if I Have Sensitive Teeth?
To treat tooth sensitivity use a low abrasion toothpaste specially made for sensitive teeth — a desensitizing toothpaste. These toothpastes make the teeth less sensitive if you brush with them twice a day and also contain fluoride to help protect your teeth against decay. Alternatively, a high fluoride level toothpaste that is specially formulated to make your teeth less sensitive and provides extra protection against decay. These treatments happen at home when you are brushing your teeth and are inexpensive. Other treatments for sensitive teeth that your dentist or hygienist can provide in the dental office are also available. There are many more treatments that a dentist can provide for sensitive teeth, these include treatments that are painted onto the teeth — such as fluoride varnishes and plastic resins, fillings if a lot of tooth area has been lost, and lasers.
Tooth sensitivity is very common and it has been estimated that approximately half the population experiences tooth sensitivity. Taking care and following a healthy oral care regime can help you fight sensitivity. Also, you should ask your dentist or hygienist about the best way to treat your sensitivity.
For more on other dental problems, keep reading.

Gum disease could be bad news for your heart

Gum disease could be terrible news for your heart.

When you look in the mirror you may just see your gums bleeding, but your dentist may see risks of heart disease! Studies have demonstrated that individuals with gum malady have a higher hazard for heart disease.

What’s the link?

Untreated gum disease provides a reservoir of bacteria. One potential link between gum disease and heart disease is that sometimes, bacteria from your infected gums can travel to your bloodstream, setting off an inflammatory reaction elsewhere in your body, including the arteries. The bacteria may also dislodge, enter the blood, attach to blood vessels and increase clot formation. This can cause hardening of the arteries and decrease the bloodflow to the heart thereby causing a heart attack.

High blood pressure affects blood vessels all over the body – even the ones present in your gums. The resistance to the flow of blood increases which hampers the blood flow to the gums. This causes decreased oxygen and nutrition thereby affecting the health and healing capacity of your gums.

Healthy gums give you a healthy heart

In most cases, gum disease can be reversed by practising good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day andfloss once or twice a day.Use antiplaque toothpastes or mouth rinses to reduce gum disease causing bacteria. Do not forget to visit your dentist once in six months. To eliminate bacterial reservoirs in dental plaque, your dentist may perform scaling and root planing. He/she will likewise check for conditions in the mouth that may put you in danger of gum illness and treat you in like manner.

Fitness Woman: You Can Fit Exercise Into Your Daily Routine

Women tend to put their own needs last, and exercise is generally on the bottom of the list of priorities. We live in a society that is fast paced, and many households have only one parent or one where both parents work. Trying work and take care of a family are hard enough, but becoming a fitness woman is a something you should make a priority.

As women get older, their metabolism slows down. This can lead to health issues including becoming over weight. A fitness woman works to include three essential activities into her daily routine: exercise, eating a healthy diet, and getting enough sleep. If you have children to take care of, you can still find time to take care of yourself. Ask your spouse to help so you can have that time for you. You can also ask a friend to alternate childcare so that each of you has time to get some exercise.

Some fitness clubs have onsite childcare. This is a great way to help you become a fitness woman without worrying about finding someone to care for them. There are also great ways to exercise with your children. It is a great way to teach them the importance of fitness from a very early age. With younger children, consider jogging or walking. You can get a jogging stroller or even pull them in a wagon.

Getting outside and chasing your toddler around in the yard is great fun and is considered exercise. With older children, play sports with them including basketball, volleyball, football, soccer, and kick ball. This is a great way to spend some quality time with your children that doesn’t cost anything, and everyone will be getting plenty of exercise.

Fitness women have learned how to prioritize their time. The laundry may not get folded and the dishes may not get put away, but you will have time to take care of yourself, and that is essential. After all, how you take care of everything else when you aren’t taken care of? Talk to your family about the importance of having some time for you to get physically fit. Chances are they will be willing to lend a hand to help out with more household chores so that you can find the time in your day to work out.

To help you stay motivated, a fitness woman needs to make her workout time a priority in her day. Schedule your workout time in with the rest of the items on your daily planner. You don’t have to tell anyone what you have scheduled during that time, but if they ask you to commit to something else, politely say you are not available during that period of time.

Many of us have friends who want to become a fitness woman as well. Consider asking a friend to join you in your exercise routine. This is a great way to have someone to motivate you to stick with your exercise plan. It also gives you another person to turn to for support. You can share your accomplishments as well as discuss the barriers that are in your way when it comes to becoming fit.

That swelling on your gum could be a gum abscess!

We often overlook gum problems. What more harm can it do to than losing our teeth? You will be surprised to know that gum disease, when not treated, can sometimes lead to severe complications and in rare cases, even be fatal! Read on to find out how.

When there is an infection or trauma inside your mouth, bacteria may enter into your gums and cause a painful swelling filled with pus. When the pus fails to drain out, the swelling increases and becomes more painful. This is called an abscess.

Poor oral hygiene is the prime culprit

Poor oral hygiene and regular intake of sugary or starchy food and drink boost bacterial growth. And health conditions like diabetes, which weaken your immune system,will only add to it.

Gingival abscess occurs when bacteria reach deep inside the gums due to any injury from toothbrush bristles or sharp piece of food and result in pus discharge.Gum disease can cause more than just red, swollen, bleeding gums. Most advanced stages of gum disease (periodontitis) as a result of the infection moving deeper into the supporting structures of tooth can cause periodontal abscess in the mouth.

periapical abscess (tooth abscess) occurs at the tip of the root of the tooth due to an infection of the tooth pulp as a result of untreated tooth decay.

The pain is almost unbearable

An abscess appears as a red swelling with a shiny surface that is painful to touch. It can cause continuous throbbing and pulsating type of pain which may make it difficult for you to identify the tooth that causes your distress. You may have extreme pain when pressure or warmth is applied on the affected tooth. The pain may also radiate to your jawbone, ear and neck. The abscess may be filled with pus.

The abscess won’t resolve on its own

You have to visit your dentist to get it treated. In the meantime over-the-counter painkillers may offer some relief from the pain.

The abscess can be successfully treated by eliminating the infection causing bacteria. Your dentist will make a cut and drain the pus from the abscess. He/she will  prescribe you antibiotics. Your dentist will also professionally clean your teeth and perform root planing (smoothing) to prevent further infections from occurring.

If untreated, it could become fatal

When an abscess is left untreated, the bacterial infection can spread and cause complications. An untreated tooth abscess can develop into a dental cyst (fluid-filled cavity) at the bottom of the root of your tooth.

Sometimes, small air-filled cavities inside your skull called sinuses may become infected through the abscess and cause sinusitis.

Ludwig’s angina is a potentially fatal condition that may be caused by spread of bacteria from the abscess into the floor of the mouth. It can cause swelling and intense pain under the tongue and in the neck. You may even find it hard to breathe if it becomes severe. It requires immediate emergency surgical treatment.

Very rarely, the infection from the abscess can spread to a large vein at the base of the brain (cavernous sinus) and form a blood clot. Called cavernous sinus thrombosis, this condition can be fatal.


Receding gums may be one of the first signs of gum disease. When gum recession occurs, “pockets,” or gaps, form between the teeth and gum line. This makes it easy for disease-causing bacteria to build up. The first signs of gum recession are usually tooth sensitivity or you may notice a tooth looks longer than normal. Often a notch can be felt near the gum line.

Most people don’t know they have gum recession because it occurs gradually. Colgate tells you about the causes, treatments and prevention for receding gums.

Why Do Gums Recede?

There are a number of factors that can cause your gums to recede, including:
Periodontal diseases-These are bacterial gum infections that destroy gum tissue and supporting bone that hold your teeth in place. Gum disease is the main cause of gum recession.
Aggressive brushing-If you brush your teeth too hard; it can cause the enamel on your teeth to wear away and your gums to recede.
Insufficient dental care- Inadequate brushing and flossing makes it easy for plaque to turn into calculus that can cause gum recession.
Tobacco products-Tobacco users are more likely to have sticky plaque on their teeth that is difficult to remove, which can cause gum problems and eventually; recession.
Grinding and clenching your teeth-Clenching or grinding your teeth can put too much force on the teeth, causing gums to recede.

How Is Gum Recession Treated?

Mild gum recession can be treated by your dentist by deep cleaning the affected area by removing plaque and tartar that has built up on the teeth. Root surfaces below the gum line are cleaned and the exposed root area is smoothed to make it more difficult for bacteria to attach itself. Sometimes antibiotics will also be given to get rid of any remaining harmful bacteria.
If your gum recession cannot be treated with deep cleaning because of the excess loss of bone and pockets that are too deep, gum surgery may be required to repair the damage caused by gum recession.

How Can I Prevent Gum Recession?
The best way to prevent gum recession is to take good care of your mouth. Brush and floss your teeth every day and see your dentist or periodontist at least twice a year, or as recommended. If you have gum recession, your dentist may want to see you more often. Always use a soft-bristled toothbrush and ask your dentist to show you the proper way to brush your teeth. If a misaligned bite or teeth grinding is the cause of gum recession, talk to your dentist about how to correct the problem. Other ways to prevent gum recession include:
• Quit smoking if you smoke.

• Eat a well-balanced and healthy diet.
Gum recession if left untreated, the supporting tissue and bone structures of the teeth can be severely damaged, and may ultimately result in tooth loss. By taking good care of your teeth, you can have a healthy smile forever.


Why you should not neglect bleeding gums

If you dread biting into an apple due to the fear of seeing your blood on it, it’s time you see a dentist for your bleeding gums. They could be an indication of something as simple as bad oral hygiene which can easily be taken care of to diseases like leukemia and dengue.

So, what causes gum bleeding?

One of the reasons is infection due to improper brushing and flossing. If you do not practice proper dental hygiene, bacteria in the mouth form plaque on your teeth. The gums become swollen, resulting in bleeding gums. If plaque is not removed through regular brushing, it will harden to form tartar leading to a more advanced form of gum disease known as periodontitis.

Did you know that improper position of teeth can also cause bleeding gums? If your teeth are not well aligned, it is very difficult to effectively clean them. Such teeth become more prone to tartar deposits leading to gum bleeding.

Faulty or irritating tooth fillings and denturesis another reason. Sometimes, fillings are not done properly and cause an overhang over the gums, causing irritation. They may also be a source for collection of food debris which further irritates your gums. Ill-fitting dentures may impinge on your gums and also trap food and bacteria.

Bleeding gums can be seen if there is nutritional deficiency. Vitamin C deficiency causes scurvy manifesting as spongy, bleeding gums. It is also the most common sign of Vitamin K deficiency in the mouth. Gum disease can happen more often, be more severe, and take longer to heal if you have diabetes.

If you are a woman, hormonal changes can cause bleeding of gums at certain times in their life like puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause. Increased hormones during puberty can increase blood flow to the gums, making them red and swollen. Some women are more likely to have swollen gums that bleed shortly before each menstrual period which typically subsides after the period begins.  Pregnancy causes hormonal changes that can make your gums more sensitive to the bacteria in plaque. This manifests as swollen, red gums that bleed when they floss or brush – a condition known as pregnancy gingivitis. Though uncommon, some women going through menopause may have gums that are dry, sore and likely to bleed. Declining estrogen during menopause may cause less blood to reach the gums causing them to shrink and open up pockets for plaque to flourish.

If you’ve been on medications like anticoagulants (blood thinners), certain antidepressants, antihistamines, some seizure medications, immunosuppressants, chemotherapy drugs and high blood pressure drugs for a while, chances are that you’re suffering from bleeding gums. The use of oral birth control products that contain progesterone may cause similar gum problems. Blood pressure medications can cause a build-up of gum tissue overgrowth which creates a favourable environment for bacteria.

The first signs of leukaemia may show up in an unexpected place – the mouth. Often a patient with leukemia visits a dentist for treatment of red, swollen gums that bleed easily, not suspecting that this could be more than a gum problem. Watch out for other signs and symptoms of leukaemia such as ulceration of the mouth, rapid loosening of the teeth combined with feeling weak and losing weight for no apparent reason.

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn’t clot as it should due to low blood platelets. If you have ITP, there is bleeding from the gums when you get a dental treatment done.

Another blood disorder which can cause bleeding gums is Haemophilia, a genetic bleeding disorder that causes abnormal or exaggerated bleeding and poor blood clotting.

One disease that seems to rear its ugly head every monsoon and affects people all over the country is dengue. Bleeding gums could be one of the tell-tale signs and this is due to the low platelet count that is a feature of the disease.

Summing it up, do not neglect bleeding gums. They do more than help support your teeth. Who knows, your next dental visit could save your life!